My Javascript Unit Testing Engine

by Alexandru Lungu 28. March 2011 03:01


I’ve created this more than 5 years ago and from then I did very few modifications/addings to it.

The idea is simple – we have a test object that has methods that start with “test” word. I never pollute the global namespace with anything – including functions – so at the start individual/anonymous functions could not be added. Recently, I also added this feature.

It still remains with only one assert, $Test.ok – if its first parameter is false the test fails. I had in plan to implement others, but it was enough because it can simmulate all the others.

The example should explain how it should be used:

var MyTestObject = {
    testMethod1: function ()
        $Test.ok(true, "True assert");
    testMethod2: function ()
        //Multiple asserts - al must be true in order for the test to pass.
        $Test.ok(true, "True assert");
        $Test.ok(false, "False assert");
    name: "MyName",
    testName: function ()
        $Test.ok(this.name == "MyName", this.name + "!=MyName");
    changeName: function ()
        this.name = "ChangedName";

//adding a test object; all its methods that start with "test" will be executed
$Test.Add("My Test Object", MyTestObject);

//adding a test function and with the name "Func" for the test
$Test.Add("Func", function ()
    $Test.ok(5 == 4, "5==4");

//adding a test function with no name for the test
$Test.Add(function ()
    $Test.ok(5 == 5, "5==5");

//Runs all added functions and all functions that start with "test" from the added test objects
And this will produce the following output:

First are shown the anonymous functions (Test Object: Functions) and then the test methods from the test objects.

I know that it may appear rudimentary comparative to the actual unit testing frameworks like jsUnit, Screw.unit, js-test-driver, etc, but it did, and still does the job.


Download UnitTesting.js (5.52 kb)
Download Example.htm (1.70 kb)

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Cryptography Helper

by Alexandru Lungu 18. December 2010 18:29


Contains more than 50 extensions to Stream, byte[] and string that helps to encrypt/decrypt using symmetric and asymmetric algorithms and to compute hashes.

Most usual situation is when in the entire application you use the same algorithm and password to encrypt/decrypt or the same hashing algorithm and the same salt. In that case just set the DefaultSymmetricCryptoServiceProvider (any crypto service provider derived from SymmetricAlgorithm), DefaultRsaCryptoServiceProvider, DefaultHashSalt of the CryptoHelper class and this will be used when you use the extension methods without specifying the algorithm/salt/ password, etc like this:

encrypted = data.Encrypt();
decrypted = encrypted.Decrypt();

Otherwise you can use it like this:

string key = RandomPassword.Generate(32);
encrypted = data.Encrypt(key);
decrypted = encrypted.Decrypt(key);

Or like this:

string key = RandomPassword.Generate(32);
AesCryptoServiceProvider service = new AesCryptoServiceProvider();
service.KeySize = 256;
service.Key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);

encrypted = data.Encrypt(service);
decrypted = encrypted.Decrypt(service);

data, encrypted, decrypted can be string/byte[]/stream.

Similar for RSA (but using RsaEncrypt/RsaDecrypt).

Protect/Unprotect uses current user credential to encrypt/decrypt so decryption won’t work outside the user context that did the encryption.

And for hash:

hash = data.ComputeHash(HashType.SHA512, "MySalt");

Everything should be strait forward to use it; you have also a good documentation.

ALungu.Security.dll (13.50 kb)
ALungu.Security.chm (217.15 kb)
ALungu.Security.zip (source code) (161.53 kb)

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How to Get the AES Encryption Key from a RSA+AES Encrypted XML

by Alexandru Lungu 21. November 2010 08:20

The scenario: the sender encrypts the xml using the AES symmetric algorithm and the key used by this algorithm is encrypted with the RSA public key of the receiver. Then when the receiver gets the document, uses its RSA private key to decrypt the AES key and with that key then decrypts the xml. All of this is made very easy by using the goodies from System.Security.Cryptography.Xml  and the numerous MSDN examples.

However, there are no examples on how to get the AES key. This is done internal automatically when invoking DecryptDocument of the EncryptedXml class. Probably because most of the time you don’t care about that key.

But there are times when getting that key can be very useful, for example you can use that key to encrypt the response message and avoid this way the need for the original sender to have a RSA private/public set of keys also; or to add that password to a banned list of passwords in order not to accept another message encrypted with an already used password, etc.

/// <summary>
/// Gets the AES encryption key from a RSA+AES encrypted xml.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="xmlDoc">The xml document sent by the sender (encrypted).</param>
/// <param name="rsa">The RSACryptoServiceProvider (contains the private key of the receiver) wich will be used to decrypt the key with the name "keyName".</param>
/// <param name="keyName">The name of the key.</param>
/// <returns>The Aes key as a byte array.</returns>
public static byte[] GetAesKey(XmlDocument xmlDoc, RSACryptoServiceProvider rsa, string keyName)
    //Treat the xmlDoc as encrypted xml.
    EncryptedXml encryptedXml = new EncryptedXml(xmlDoc);
    //link the name of the key we want to get to the algorithm used to decrypt
    encryptedXml.AddKeyNameMapping(keyName, rsa);

    //find the node encrypted
    XmlNodeList encryptedElements = xmlDoc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData");
    if (encryptedElements.Count == 0)
        return null;
    XmlElement encryptedElement = (XmlElement)encryptedElements[0];

    //load the encrypted node
    EncryptedData eData = new EncryptedData();

    //finally gettting the key
    SymmetricAlgorithm aes = encryptedXml.GetDecryptionKey(eData, eData.EncryptionMethod.KeyAlgorithm);
    return aes.Key;

Note: There are some msdn examples about encrypting and decrypting with bugs - example here. If you use that code, when decrypting  you’ll get Unable to retrieve the decryption key. This is because the encryption key never goes into the encrypted xml.  The statement “edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();” from the Encrypt method overrides the key; move it before the previous statement or you just delete it (it is already initialized in the constructor).

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Don't Take Microsoft's Code for Granted

by Alexandru Lungu 5. November 2010 12:09


Take a look at the code below. This code is from Microsoft WCF-WF samples. Or, if you don’t want to download all samples, this exact piece of code can be found here.
Do you notice something strange?

//Helper method to compress an array of bytes
static ArraySegment<byte> CompressBuffer(ArraySegment<byte> buffer, BufferManager bufferManager, int messageOffset)
    byte[] bufferedBytes;
    using (MemoryStream memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
        memoryStream.Write(buffer.Array, 0, messageOffset);

        using (GZipStream gzStream = new GZipStream(memoryStream, CompressionMode.Compress, true))
            gzStream.Write(buffer.Array, messageOffset, buffer.Count);

        byte[] compressedBytes = memoryStream.ToArray();
        bufferedBytes = bufferManager.TakeBuffer(compressedBytes.Length);

        Array.Copy(compressedBytes, 0, bufferedBytes, 0, compressedBytes.Length);


    ArraySegment<byte> byteArray = new ArraySegment<byte>(bufferedBytes, messageOffset, bufferedBytes.Length - messageOffset);
    return byteArray;


A guy actually has written an article based on this code (withoud crediting Microsoft) and he noticed nothing; and this code has spread on the internet in the above form.

I didn’t noticed also, or more exactly I didn’t look at the code from the beginning. But I did look at the size of the original and the compressed message. And the size was almost the same (actually sometimes it was bigger when compressed). Initial I suspected Microsoft’s gzip implementation; I knew that they implemented the Deflate algorithm which isn’t the most effective but is free of patents.

So I replaced .Net implementation with DotNetZip. (which means just to add a reference to the DotNetZip.dll and change using System.IO.Compression; with using Ionic.Zlib;) And I was surprised to find that an error occurred at decompression.

And after that, I looked at the compression code. The line:

ArraySegment<byte> byteArray = new ArraySegment<byte>(bufferedBytes, messageOffset, bufferedBytes.Length - messageOffset);

was obvious wrong. The 3rd parameter of the ArraySegment<> must be the size of the segment, in our case compressedBytes.Length (and the compressedBytes must be declared outside of the using statement). 

Therefore the correct code is:

public static ArraySegment<byte> CompressBuffer(ArraySegment<byte> buffer, BufferManager bufferManager, int messageOffset)
    byte[] bufferedBytes, compressedBytes;
    using (MemoryStream memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
        memoryStream.Write(buffer.Array, 0, messageOffset);

        using (GZipStream gzStream = new GZipStream(memoryStream, CompressionMode.Compress, true))
            gzStream.Write(buffer.Array, messageOffset, buffer.Count);

        compressedBytes = memoryStream.ToArray();
        bufferedBytes = bufferManager.TakeBuffer(compressedBytes.Length);

        Array.Copy(compressedBytes, 0, bufferedBytes, 0, compressedBytes.Length);

    //ArraySegment<byte> byteArray = new ArraySegment<byte>(bufferedBytes, messageOffset, bufferedBytes.Length - messageOffset); //bad here
    ArraySegment<byte> byteArray = new ArraySegment<byte>(bufferedBytes, messageOffset, compressedBytes.Length);
    return byteArray;


You may think that it is not much of a deal; a small bug that slipped unnoticed; but it was in a code that has spread over the internet as the main example on how to use gzip compression with WCF.

The effects for those that took that code for granted:
- time wasted to implement compression
- server resources wasted to compress/decompress
- client resources wasted to compress/decompress
- bandwidth wasted for times when the compressed message was larger than the uncompressed.

In the end the result was much worse than if no improvement (gzip compression) would’ve been implemented.

So, if you use someone else’s code (even if it’s Microsoft’s) be sure you test it properly.

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WebCam Alarm

by Alexandru Lungu 19. October 2010 12:26


Almost a year ago I had to make a small project for school in which to work with either images or sound or video (or altogether).

I chose to create something more interesting: a webcam alarm. It should work like this: if you’re away and something goes in front of the camera, then there is an intruder (unless it’s your cat Smile) and an alarm must be raised.

The main settings:

Frames ahead (or behind) – The number of frames that will pass before comparing the changes with the current frame. (for example comparing the 10th frame behind with the current frame). This is to detect if someone is moving extremely slow.
Sensitivity – How much must change before starting the alarm (ex: 0.05 – 5% - if more than sensitivity of the image has changed from the frames ahead then the alarm starts.
If the difference between the current frame and the frames ahead is above sensitivity then the alarm is started.

The attached solution has 2 projects: the client, which is the main application that uses the camera and starts the alarm and the server which the client informs about the intruder: it is just concept – my server just logs the info – but it can be extended to do more: notify the police, send the owner a SMS, etc.

Download WebCam Alarm.zip (621.69 kb)

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EntitySqlException was unhandled…

by Alexandru Lungu 10. August 2010 07:38


'Name' could not be resolved in the current scope or context. Make sure that all referenced variables are in scope, that required schemas are loaded, and that namespaces are referenced correctly. Near simple identifier, line 6, column 1.

I've got the above error while running the following code (actually the code was a more complex but I reduced it to essentials):

DbTestEntities db = new DbTestEntities();
var query = db.People.Where("Name = 'John'");

(I think it is obvious that I have a test db with a Person table)

There seems to be something wrong with the 'Name' from my expression, but what exactly could it be on such a simple expression? The Name column does exist.

I googled the error and found some people that encountered this error but in different circumstances which didn't get me the solution but put me on the right track: a guy had the same problem with an OrderBy("Column") so it become clear to me that using just the column name isn't going to work.

Next I looked at the sql expression that gets generated and found what was wrong:


Yes, that "it" alias was the problem so the following code works:

DbTestEntities db = new DbTestEntities();
var query = db.People.Where("it.Name = 'John'");

Next the question: can it be always used as it.Column?
After running a few tests the answer is positive.

Can it be changed to other alias name?
Actually it can - looking to ObjectSet's properties I quickly identified the property: Name (dooh! ). 

So now I can do this:

db.People.Name = "People";
var query = db.People.Where("People.Name = 'John'");

And no, it doesn't work to set the Name to empty string (or null). 

I remembered vaguely that long time ago I read a post about using string c# code instead of string sql code.  A quick search on my favorite blogs found this article of Scott Guthrie - Dynamic LINQ (Part 1: Using the LINQ Dynamic Query Library) in which he points to an example on how to do that.

IQueryable was extended for this.  I’ve tried and worked as expected:

var query = db.People.AsQueryable().Where("Name == \"John\"");
//or I can use parameters
var query2 = db.People.AsQueryable().Where("Name == @0", "John");

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